Characterised by severe mood swings. These usually last several weeks or months and
are far more severe than usually experienced by most people. Mood fluctuates between
feelings of extreme happiness, intense depression and despair.
Characterised by feelings of low mood and negative thought patterns, often concerning
one's own worth. Symptoms encompass cognitive, behavioural, emotional, physical and
motivational areas of one's life.
Characterised by either thoughts or images which are viewed as irrational and/or
unpleasant which lead to feelings of intense anxiety and the adoption of neutralising
behaviours, the most common being checking and/or cleaning behaviours, often viewed
Characterised by intense anxiety on exposure to threat related triggers following
traumatic events. Triggers trauma related memories and flashback experiences which
lead to safety, escape and avoidance behaviours.
Characterised by marked anxiety when faced with perceived performance in social situations
leading to the adoption of safety behaviours and avoidances.
“Evidenced based talking therapies such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy are as important
for the nation's health as any cancer drug or surgical procedure... evidence shows
that they can help millions of people in the UK who experience common and severe
mental health problems”
"We need to talk" The Mental Health Foundation, MIND, Rethink, The Sainsbury Centre
for Mental Health & Young Minds.